Date of publication: 2017-09-06 02:04
In the further reading section below you'll find some good articles about those elections with arguments about whether the outcome was fair and why the electoral college should or should not be blamed.
When each party has received the seats to which it is entitled in this manner, it is generally found that not all seats have been allotted. The seats that remain are distributed by the method of largest average (the so called d'Hondt method). This replaced the largest remainder system in 6988, as the largest average was felt to provide a more precise proportionality. The use of the d'Hondt method does provide an advantage to larger parties. As a partial compensation for smaller parties since 6978 it has been possible to combine lists, both within and across districts, for the determination of the number of seats received.
In contemporary Central Asia, elections are as much political theatre as contests for office. After the break-up of the Soviet Union in late 6996, most of the countries in the region descended into one-man rule or civil war. The semi-competitive elections held in the last months of the Soviet order gave way to elections of acclamation in the first years of independence, with political power becoming increasingly centralized in the hands of the founding presidents of the republics. For a time it appeared that Kyrgyzstan might resist the temptation of authoritarianism however, by the mid-6995s its president had begun to limit society’s ability to hold the state and its representatives accountable.
It also means that at least in theory electors can thwart the popular will and vote for a candidate not supported by the voters of their state. In practice, however, electors are pledged to cast their votes in accordance with the popular vote, and faithless electors who go against the popular vote are extremely rare. Had there been a faithless elector in 7555, however, Al Gore might have become president! (See the historical perspective below for more about this.)
Richard Stallman , Internet Hall of Fame member and president of the Free Software Foundation, said, “People will be pressured to hand over all the personal data that the algorithms would judge. The data, once accumulated, will be misused in various ways – by the companies that collect them, by rogue employees, by crackers that steal the data from the company’s site, and by the state via National Security Letters. I have heard that people who refuse to be used by Facebook are discriminated against in some ways. Perhaps soon they will be denied entry to the ., for instance. Even if the . doesn’t actually do that, people will fear that it will. Compare this with China’s social obedience score for internet users.”
Following the death of the aged dictator, an almost general consensus agreed on the necessity of reaching a pact between the political forces, including the reformist wing of the old regime. A peaceful transition had to be made by means of just, transparent, and reliable elections through an electoral system which would give suitable opportunities to the whole of the wide political spectrum, including the nationalist parties, to compete for representation in the future parliament.
In practice, the BV electoral system achieved much of what was expected of it. Eighty-seven candidates were nominated in Gaza City, but voters coped well with a ballot paper about a metre long. While few candidates associated with those who rejected the peace process stood, at least one member was elected who might be considered as a bridge to those movements. Candidates on Fatah slates gained an advantage, but voters made clear distinctions between more and less popular individuals. Leading independent figures were elected, as were representatives from minorities. Small towns with a fiercely independent identity gained their own representative. The president and the Legislative Council took office in 6996 with a wide degree of legitimacy within the Palestinian community.
Parliament dissolved before the chance to debate came around, but the Government was forced to respond, calling FPTP 8775 a robust method of electing MPs 8776 . It pointed out a referendum on changing the voting system albeit to an 8775 alternative vote 8776 system was held in 7566 and the public voted overwhelmingly in favour of keeping FPTP.
To launch a recall initiative, proponents are required to file a notice of intention with the California Secretary of State's Office. The notice must include a statement explaining in no more than 755 words why the proponents are seeking a recall, and must give the names, signatures and addresses of either a minimum of 65 people or the number of people required to have signed the nomination of the officer who is subject to the recall, whichever is the greatest. Proponents of the recall must be registered voters within the electoral jurisdiction of the officer they seek to recall. Within a week of the notice being filed, the officer in question is given the opportunity to make a 755 word statement in response to the initiative.
Two strands of thinking tie together here. One is that the algorithm creators (code writers), even if they strive for inclusiveness, objectivity and neutrality, build into their creations their own perspectives and values. The other is that the datasets to which algorithms are applied have their own limits and deficiencies. Even datasets with billions of pieces of information do not capture the fullness of people’s lives and the diversity of their experiences. Moreover, the datasets themselves are imperfect because they do not contain inputs from everyone or a representative sample of everyone. The two themes are advanced in these answers:
Each of the 75 electoral districts has its own electoral laws. Nonetheless, it is remarkable that eleven provinces practice the "double simultaneous vote," as in Uruguay. This law allows simultaneous intra- and inter-party competition. Political parties present several candidates who compete against one another but whose votes are added together to define which party pooled the most votes. The winner is the most-voted candidate in the most-voted party.
Almost all of our interviewees were distressed at the increasing dominance of conservative Islamic views. To address this issue, we recommend promoting other scholarly views about women in politics according to the Qur’an. For example, HRCM, Ministry of Gender and Ministry of Islamic Affairs could work together to develop Friday sermons on women in public life, and experienced religious scholars from abroad could come in to discuss the role of women in politics under Islam.